The pavilion of Anti-fascism National Liberation War
The pavilion of Anti-fascism National Liberation War is one of the most important pavilions of National Historical Museum. This Pavilion represents the contribution of Albanian people during Anti-fascism National Liberation War (A.N.L.W).On 7 April of 1939,the Fascist Italy underwent the assault against the Albanian State, even though they had different political,economical,militaryagreements. Albania is the first country in Europe,which was occupied by Axis Power.
The disembarkation of Italian troops has been conducted in fourprincipal harbors of Albania.The Anti-fascism Albanian resistance started at the beginning of Italian invasion. Mehdi Frashëri, on the verge of Italian Assault, held a speech on the radiowhere he officially declared the unfair occupation of a Great Power against a small country like Albania.In the Pavilion of Anti-fascism National Liberation War is represented the establishment of Collaborationist Government of Shefqet Vërlaci and the obligated “personal” unification between Italy and Albania as well.On 16 April of 1939,a Proxies of Albanian Politicians, opposers of King Zog achieved the surrounding of Albanian Crown, realising the unification between Italy and Albania.The opposing of Italian Assault, was demonstrated by Albanian people, in their attempting to kill the emperor Victor Emanuel III.This attempt was carried out by Vasil Laci.
On 8 November of 1941, the establishment of the Communist Party, turned back another page of Albanian Antifascism Liberation war. The Albanian Resistance was conducted at the beginningas part of Partisan assault. On the other hand, among with the Communist Party,were performing other nationalist organizationssuch as “Legaliteti”, “Balli Kombëtar” etc.
On 16 September of 1942 was held the Peza Conference, as an unification between the right and left wing parties,in order to express Antifascism anger. The Peza Conference is known by it’s historical importance. This congress represents both political and military importance. The Peza Conference made it clearly that Albanian people were capable of getting together despite of their political views. The recognition of Albanian Antifascism War,on December 1942 by alias powers,was a big leap for Albanian state. This act has it’s importance because Albania was part of the Alias. Being part of Antifascist World Coalition was crucial,because some of the missionary troops, such as British troops, were set among the National Liberation army and nationalist troops. The Mukja Agreement is shown clearly in this pavilion. This agreement has it’ssignificant importance because it shows the unification among Albanian people during A.N.L.W.However those agreements failed down as a consequence of political issues.
On the other hand in the pavilion are exposed different objects by participants of Albanian Antifascism War such as: the diary of Qemal Stafa, personal tools of Margarita and Kristaq Tutulani, executed by fascist troops. In the center of pavilion is located the statue of “unknown Partisan”,whichsymbolizes the resistance of Albanian Population. Among the museum’s objects in the pavilion you can find out the riffle of Walter Audicios, one of the executor of Benito Mussolini. The contribution of Albanian people against the defending and rescuing the Hebrew people during World War II, is shown on the stands of this Pavilion. The pavilion ends up with the liberation of Tirana,the capital of Albania and with the whole Albanian Liberation.